Die Cutting with Felt Series: Using Steel Rule Dies

If you’ve been crafting with felt on a regular basis, then I’m sure you’ve thought about die cutting and how it could help your creative process.  I’ve been using a die cutter for just over a year and it has greatly helped me scale both my businesses.  I get asked a lot of questions about die cutting felt, so I’m launching a series of posts on the subject that I hope will offer valuable tips and insight!

Wool and wool blend felt die cuts beautifully. Read on to find out how to use Bigz dies for you felt project.

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Die Cutting Tools and Equipment

Die Cutter & Accessories

There are many brands and styles of die cutters on the market.  They generally all work the same way: A hand crank or motor draws the die+material through the machine, applying pressure as it turns and the die presses through the material.  (FYI a die cutter is different from an electronic cutter such as a Cricut machine.  More on that in another post.)

I recommend using the Sizzix brand of die cutter, and more specifically the Sizzix Big Shot Plus for felt.  There are different sizes and widths of die cutter, and I just find that the Big Shot Plus is the best size for working with 9×12 felt sheets.  There is a larger Big Shot Pro, but it is heavy duty and I would only recommend it if you are running a large business and have a dedicated space for die cutting.  The Big Shot Plus is more easily tucked away when you’re done with it.

Sizzix is a trusted brand in crafting. I recommend their die cutters for working with felt!

Typically when you purchase a die cutter it will come with the cutting pads and platforms that you will need for cutting.  Those items are necessary, so make sure that you have them  already or that they are in fact included in your purchase!

Sizzix cutting pads and platforms are necessary for die cutting felt.

Steel Rule Dies

Steel rule dies are square and about 1/2″ thick.  The (extremely) sharp blades are embedded in the base and covered with a protective layer of black foam.  The first few times you use a steel rule die, tiny shavings of the foam will come off when you cut.  They easily brush off your felt, but you should do a few test passes using scraps to get the excess foam all trimmed away.

Steel rule dies easily cut through felt!

This die is the Sizzix 656545, 3-D Flowers.  It makes sweet little rolled flowers! This die is well loved, so that’s why it has lots of little fibres stuck to it.  🙂  A great feature of steel rule dies is that they can cut 2 layers of felt at once!  That can be a huge time saver if you’re producing a lot of items.

Steel rule dies may have different names based on the company that makes them.  For example, Sizzix steel rule dies are called Bigz Dies.  I’ve also seen other brands call them Contour Steel Rule Dies or Heavy Duty Dies.  They all work the same way.  But you must double check that they are compatible with the die cutter you have or plan to purchase.  There are some Bigz dies that are only compatible with the Big Shot Pro machine.

Where to Find Dies

Tracking down dies is not always the easiest task.  Lucky for you, I’ve already done loads of research and I’m happy to pass along the info!

I live in a fairly large city, and yet I’m still unable to find much in the way of dies or die cutting tools and accessories locally.  My local craft store has a small selection of wafer thin dies (more on those in another post) but often they’re not of use to me.  I have yet to find any steel rule dies locally.

My one stop shop for all things die cutting is Scrapbook.com.  I have purchased my die cutter and many many dies from that website.  It is reliable, with reasonable pricing and shipping options.  They carry many different brands of dies, not just Sizzix.  I’ve also purchased the Spellbinders brand of steel rule die from scrapbook.com and I would recommend that brand of die as well.  (Typically dies and die cutters from different companies will be compatible with each other.)

I’ve also had excellent experiences shopping at SimonSaysStamp.com.  They have a large selection of die cutting tools and accessories and their customer service is excellent.  Their selection of steel rule dies are called Heavy Duty Dies.  They also sell die cutter machines and accessories as well as wafer thin dies.

If you live in the US, you may shop from the Sizzix website.  However they don’t ship to Canada, which is a major bummer for us Canucks.

Using Steel Rule Dies

Rough Cut the Felt

I’ve found that the most economical use of felt with steel rule dies is to rough cut the felt first.  Steel rule dies typically have several shape elements on a single die.  You may want to cut out only one of the shapes on the die instead of all of them, or cut all the shapes but out of different colours.  For dies I use most frequently, I’ve made paper patterns for quickly cutting out a section of felt before I die cut it.

Rough cut your felt before putting it through the die cutter. It is the most economical use of the felt.

Cutting with Steel Rule Dies

Die cutting with steel rule dies is actually rather straight forward.  Put the die face up on a cutting pad, place your felt pieces and layer another cutting pad on top to form a sandwich. Make sure your die cutter is on a firm, steady surface.  Feed one end of the ‘sandwich’ into the machine and turn the handle until it comes out the other side.  Don’t be alarmed if the cutting pads make a slight cracking sound.  New pads tend to do that.

Die Cutting Felt is simple and easy with a Sizzix Big Shot Plus and Bigz dies!


You want to make sure that your cutting pads are well aligned with the edges of the machine.  Otherwise the force of pushing them through the machine on a slight angle could damage it.  You may have to use a bit of strength to get the sandwich through.  Once the sandwich is securely in the machine after the first turn, you can grip the top handle with your free hand for some leverage.

Easily make beautiful felt flowers using a die cutting machine!

The dies will cut into the cutting pads a bit, but that’s normal.  Cutting pads eventually need to be replaced after extensive use.  I’ve been using the same pads for about a year and have not needed to replace them yet!  So they’ll last for a good long while, you’ll get your money’s worth!

Phew!  That was quite a marathon of information!  Don’t hesitate to ask any questions in the comments, I’m more than happy to share what I know!

Happy Crafting!

9 Responses to Die Cutting with Felt Series: Using Steel Rule Dies

  1. Can the steel die (example: rossete die) only be used with big shot or can it be used in Gemini?

  2. SMA says:

    Thank you for this informative post! Could you list some of the best dies to use for making 3D felt flowers?

  3. Christa Fischer says:

    Hi there-
    Thanks for the article. I wish to cut 4 inch rounded squares and 4 inch diameter circles for coasters from 1/4 inch handmade felt… can you share any ideas with me?

    • Laura says:

      Hi Christa,
      That thickness of felt should still go through a die cutter, however I haven’t seen any dies of the shapes and sizes you’re looking for. I would recommend just cutting the felt with a good pair of sewing shears. You can draw on your designs using a disappearing ink quilter’s pen. Hope that helps!

  4. Rebecca Biggs says:

    Very informative, thank you for taking the time to explain. I’m off to cut some patterns!!!

  5. Susan says:

    Great info! I’ve been thinking about ‘ automating’ my felt cutting but did not know where to start. Now I do!

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